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Living with High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease

Woman chopping fresh vegetables in kitchen.

By lowering high blood pressure, you can reduce the amount of damage to your kidneys, and help slow any progression of kidney disease. Visit your healthcare provider as scheduled and follow the tips below.

Eat right

To control blood pressure and kidney disease:

  • Limit sodium (salt) intake to 2,000 mg each day or less. Read labels for sodium content. Each of your 3 daily meals should have less than 700 mg of sodium. A single serving of 1 food should have less than 140 mg of sodium.  

  • Cook with spices and herbs for flavor instead of salt.

  • Eat fresh foods instead of canned or processed ones. Most sodium comes from processed foods, not your salt shaker. Check the sodium content on packaged foods, since they often have hidden sodium.

  • Eat more plant-based foods and limit animal fat and foods from animal sources.

  • Choose fat-free or low-fat milk, cheese, yogurt and other dairy products.

You may also need to do the following:

  • Eat less protein

  • Eat 5 fruits and vegetables a day or more

  • Drink less fluid, and drink water instead of soda

  • Stay away from salt substitutes made with potassium, limit potassium ONLY if you’re told to do so

Stay active

Regular physical activity helps reduce high blood pressure. For best results:

  • Talk with your healthcare provider before starting a fitness program. Your provider may be able to suggest activities that will help you feel your best.

  • Ask your healthcare provider how often you should exercise and for how long.

  • Enjoy daily physical activity. Include it throughout your day by walking further, doing chair exercises while watching TV, dancing, or other forms of activity. 

  • Building a new habit takes time. All physical activity is helpful so stick with it.

  • Ask friends or family to join you, using safety guidelines. Many people find companionship is an incentive for daily exercise.

For more information

Author: StayWell Custom Communications
Last Annual Review Date: 8/1/2020
Copyright © The StayWell Company, LLC. except where otherwise noted.
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