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Acute Salpingitis

Acute salpingitis is infection of the fallopian tubes. These two tubes carry the eggs from the ovary to the uterus. Pelvic pain is the main symptom of acute salpingitis. Read on to learn more about the condition and how it can be treated.

Cross section front view of vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. Fallopian tubes are inflamed.

What Causes Acute Salpingitis?

Salpingitis is often caused by a vaginal or cervical infection. If this infection travels up into the uterus, it can reach the fallopian tubes. The infection may have been sexually acquired. Or it may have been due to a medical or surgical procedure such as childbirth or insertion of an IUD.

Salpingitis is also called pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). But the term “PID” refers to infection and inflammation in any of the reproductive organs. “Acute salpingitis” is the specific term for infection of the fallopian tubes.

Diagnosing Acute Salpingitis

No single test diagnoses salpingitis. Instead, tests are done to rule out other problems. First, your health care provider examines you and asks about your symptoms and health history. Then, you’ll likely have one or more of the following tests:

  • Urine test to check samples of urine for signs of infection.

  • Blood tests to check samples of blood in the lab for problems.

  • Vaginal or cervical culture to take a sample of mucus or cells from the vagina or cervix and check them for infection.

  • Pelvic ultrasound to look at images of your pelvic organs. During ultrasound, images are created using painless sound waves.

  • CT scan to take more detailed images of the pelvic organs.

Treating Acute Salpingitis

To treat the infection, you will be given antibiotic medications. If the infection is mild, you will be able to take these at home. Take all of the medication as directed until it is gone, even if you feel better. In some cases, you may also receive an injection of medication. If the infection is severe, a hospital stay may be required. This is so antibiotics can be given through an IV line. In most cases, antibiotics cure the infection. Prompt and complete treatment is important to avoid long-term complications, such as infertility.


With prompt treatment, salpingitis can be cured. Your health care provider will follow up with you to be sure you have no lingering effects of the infection and there has been no damage to your fallopian tubes.

Call the health care provider right away if you have any of the following:

  • Pelvic pain doesn’t go away or gets worse

  • Painful or frequent urination

  • Vaginal discharge with a bad odor

  • Fever of 100.4°F or higher



Author: StayWell Custom Communications
Last Annual Review Date: 9/18/2014
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