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Do I Have PTSD?

The only way to know for sure if you have posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is to talk with a mental healthcare provider. He or she will ask you about your trauma, your symptoms, and any other problems you have.

What can I do if I think I have PTSD?

After a traumatic event, it's normal to think, act, and feel differently than usual. Most people will start to feel better after a few weeks. However, if your symptoms last longer than a few months, are very upsetting, and disrupt your daily life, you should get help. Whether or not you have PTSD, treatment can help if thoughts and feelings from the trauma are bothering you. Talk with:

  • Your family healthcare provider

  • A mental healthcare provider, such as a therapist

  • Your local VA facility or Vet Center if you are a Veteran

  • A close friend or family member who can support you while finding help

  • A clergy member

It might be helpful to fill out a PTSD questionnaire or screen (see below) before talking to someone you trust.

Take a self-screen for PTSD

A screen is a brief set of questions to tell you if it is likely that you have PTSD. Below is the Primary Care PTSD Checklist for DSM-5, or the PC-PTSD-5 screen.

Sometimes things happen to people that are unusually or especially frightening, horrible, or traumatic. Here are some examples:

  • A serious accident or fire

  • A physical or sexual assault or abuse

  • An earthquake or flood

  • A war

  • Seeing someone be killed or seriously injured

  • Having a loved one die by homicide or suicide

Have you ever experienced any events like the ones listed above? YES / NO

If no, screen total = 0. Please stop here.

If yes, please answer the questions below:

Self-screen questions

In the past month, have you:

  • Had nightmares about the event(s) or thought about the event(s) when you did not want to? YES / NO

  • Tried hard not to think about the event(s) or went out of your way to avoid situations that reminded you of the event(s)? YES / NO

  • Been constantly on guard, watchful, or easily startled? YES / NO

  • Felt numb or detached from people, activities, or your surroundings? YES / NO

  • Felt guilty or unable to stop blaming yourself or others for the event(s) or any problems the event(s) may have caused? YES / NO

If you answered “yes” to any 3 items (items 1 to 5 above), you should talk with a mental healthcare provider to learn more about PTSD and its treatment.

Answering “yes” to 3 or more questions above does not mean you have PTSD. Only a mental healthcare provider can tell you for sure. And, if you do not answer “yes” to 3 or more questions, you may still want to talk with a mental healthcare provider. If you have symptoms that last following a trauma, treatment can help—whether you have PTSD or not.

Get help

It’s common to think that your PTSD symptoms will just go away over time. But this is unlikely, especially if you’ve had symptoms for longer than a year. Here are some of the reasons why you should seek help:

  • Early treatment is better. Symptoms of PTSD may get worse. Dealing with them now might help stop symptoms from getting worse in the future and lead to a better quality of life for you.

  • It’s never too late to get PTSD treatment. Treatment can help even if your trauma happened years ago. And treatment has gotten much better over the years.

  • PTSD symptoms can affect those you love. PTSD symptoms can get in the way of your family life. Getting help for your PTSD can help improve your relationships.

  • PTSD can be related to other health problems. PTSD symptoms can affect physical health problems. For example, a few studies have shown a relationship between PTSD and heart trouble.

It may not be PTSD

Having some symptoms of PTSD does not always mean you have PTSD. Some of the symptoms of PTSD are also symptoms of other mental health problems. For example, trouble concentrating or feeling less interested in things you used to enjoy can be symptoms of both depression and PTSD. And, different problems have different treatments.

When you seek help, your mental healthcare provider can determine whether you need treatment for PTSD, or another type of treatment.

Find the best treatment for you

Today, there are several treatment options for PTSD. For some people, these treatments can get rid of symptoms altogether. Others find they have fewer symptoms or feel that their symptoms are less intense.  

You can learn about effective PTSD treatment options using our PTSD Treatment Decision Aid. It includes videos to explain how the treatments work. You can also build a chart to compare the treatments you like most. Both talk therapy or counseling and medicines are included in the decision aid.

Author: StayWell Custom Communications
Last Annual Review Date: 2/1/2018
Copyright © The StayWell Company, LLC. except where otherwise noted.
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